Leptospirosis: Know the causes, signs, and precautions to take for this monsoon illness

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Following heavy rainfall in Mumbai, Brihanmumbai Municipal Company (BMC) issued an advisory warning about leptospirosis, a bacterial illness.

Final yr in July, BMC reported 14 leptospirosis circumstances. In 2019, it recorded 74 leptospirosis circumstances in the identical month.

In line with Dr Mugdha Tapdiya, senior guide, Fortis Flt Lt Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, this illness normally impacts animals and might unfold to human beings if they’re travelling by way of waterlogged areas. “Micro organism referred to as leptospira which current within the excreta and urine of animals can infect human beings if they’re uncovered to it – they are often uncovered if they’re wading by way of contaminated water, if there’s a lower within the pores and skin which has been uncovered to the micro organism.”

Signs and remedy

The frequent signs of leptospirosis embody fever, rash, physique ache, and vomiting. This may be handled with antibiotics.

Nevertheless, if leptospirosis is left untreated, it will probably trigger kidney injury and even show to be deadly, Dr Tapdiya warned. “Lengthy-term fever and kidney injury and may be handled simply with antibiotics – however deadly if not handled,” she added.

Precautions

To forestall contracting this illness, listed here are some precautions the physician recommends:

*Keep away from strolling by way of stagnant water
*Put on closed footwear
*Gown all of your wounds and cuts
*You probably have walked by way of stagnant water, wash your legs and arms with cleaning soap and water.

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